In addition to training for restraint which can be adapted to many procedures, specific training protocols have been developed for protocols which do not require restraint.
Long-term dogs can be trained using different methods from dogs on short-term studies because of the different needs of training. For example, training the dog to leave and return to the home pen for health checks and dosing gives the dog a sense of control and makes handling easier for staff. Learned behaviours also need to be maintained over a longer period of time, and dogs' welfare in long-term confinement also needs to be considered, therefore care should be paid to the methods used. For example, varying the schedule of reinforcement can strengthen behaviours and make them more resistant to extinction. It may also be practical to use a clicker as a secondary reinforcer in early training.
Training for inhalation is different from many other regulated procedures because of the duration (usually up to one hour) and because dogs can be trained to lie down during inhalation rather than being restrained by a member of staff. Dogs can be trained to station on the dosing table, which usually has fleece bedding for comfort. A harness is used for safety rather than as the main form of restraint. Dogs are trained to place their muzzle in the inhalation mask using a protocol modified from that used to teach pet dogs to wear muzzles comfortably. A clicker is used to capture the behaviour which is initially fleeting.