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Published articles: Welfare - laboratory animals


Balcombe, J. P., Barnard, N. D. & Sandusky, C. (2004). Laboratory  routines cause animal stress. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 43 (6), 42–51.Link


Beden, S. N. & Brain, P. F. (1982). Studies on the effect of social stress on measures of disease resistance in laboratory mice. Aggressive Behavior, 8, 126-129.Link


Beden, S. N. & Brain, P. F. (1984). Effects of attack-related stress on the primary  immune responses to sheep red blood cells in castrated mice. IRCS Medical Science: Psychology & Psychiatry, 12, 675.Link


Beden, S. N. & Brain, P. F. (1985). The primary immune responses to sheep red blood cells in mice of differing social rank or from individual housing. IRCS Medical Science: Psychology & Psychiatry, 13, 364-365.Link


Bhatnagar, S. & Meaney, M. J. (1995). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in chronic intermittently cold-stressed neonatally handled and non handled rats. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 7 (2), 97-108.Link


Brown, M., Carbone, L., Conlee, K., Dawkins, M., Duncan, I., Fraser, D., Griffin, G., Hampshire, V., Lambert, L., Mench, J., Morton, D., Richmond, J., Rollin, B., Rowan, A., Stephens, M. & Würbel, H. (2006). Report of the working group on animal distress in the laboratory. Lab Animal, 35 (8), 26-30.Link


Crabbe, J. C., Wahlsten, D. & Dudek, B. C. (1999). Genetics of mouse behavior: interactions with laboratory environment. Science, 284 (5420), 1670–1672.Link


D’Andrea, I., Gracci, F., Alleva, E. & Branchi, I. (2010). Early social enrichment provided by communal nest increases resilience to depression-like behavior more in female than in male mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 215 (1), 71–76.Link


Garner, J. (2006). Perseveration and stereotypy: systems-level insights from clinical psychology. Stereotypic animal behaviour: fundamentals and applications to welfare, 121e152.Link


Latham, N. (2010). Brief introduction to welfare assessment:  A ’toolbox’ of techniques. In R. Hubrecht & J. Kirkwell (Eds.), The UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory and other research animals: eighth edition (p. 76-91).Link


Hawkins, P., Morton, D., Burman, O., Dennison, N., Honess, P., Jennings, M., Lane, S., Middleton, V., Roughan, J., Wells, S. & Westwood, K. (2011). A guide to defining and implementing protocols for the welfare assessment of laboratory animals: Eleventh report of the BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement. Laboratory Animals, 45 (1), 1-13.Link


Honess, P. E., Marin, C., Brown, A. P., & Wolfensohn, S. E. (2005). Assessment of stress in non-human primates: Application of the neutrophil activation test. Animal Welfare. 14(4), 219-295.Link


Honess, P., & Wolfensohn, S. (2010). The extended welfare assessment grid: a matrix for the assessment of welfare and cumulative suffering in experimental animals. Alternatives to laboratory animals: ATLA, 38(3), 205-212.Link


Keller, S. E., Weiss, J. M., Schleifer, S. J., Miller, N. E. & Stein, M. (1981). Suppres sion of immunity by stress: effect of a graded series of stressors on lymphocyte stimulation in the rat. Science, 213 (4514), 1397-1400.Link


Milligan SR, Sales GD, Khirnykh K 1993. Sound levels in rooms housing laboratory animals: an uncontrolled daily variable. Physiology and Behaviour 53, 1067-1076.Link


Overmier, J., Patterson, J. & Wielkiewicz, R. (1980). Environmental contingencies as sources of stress in animals. In S. Levine & H. Ursin (Eds.), Coping and health. New York:  Plenum Press.Link


Ruys, J., Mendoza, S., Capitanio, J. & Mason, W. (2004).  Behavioral and physiological adaptation to repeated chair restraint in rhesus macaques. Physiology and Behavior, 82 (2-3), 205-213.Link


Tasker L. (2012). Linking Welfare and Quality of Scientific Output in Cynomolgus Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) used for Regulatory Toxicology. Ph.D. thesis University of Stirling: Scotland.Link


Turner, A. M. & Greenough, W. T. (1985). Differential rearing effects on rat visual  cortex synapses. i. synaptic and neuronal density and synapses per neuron. Brain Research, 329 (1), 195–203.Link


Volkmar, F. R. & Greenough, W. T. (1972). Rearing complexity affects branching of dendrites in the visual cortex of the rat. Science, 176 (4042), 1445-1447.Link


Wolfer, D. P., Litvin, O., Morf, S., Nitsch, R. M., Lipp, H.-P. & Wu¨rbel, H. (2004). Laboratory animal welfare:  cage  enrichment  and  mouse  behaviour.  Nature,  432 (7019), 821–822.Link


Würbel, H. (2000). Behaviour and the standardization fallacy. Nature Genetics, 26 (3), 263–263.Link


Würbel, H. (2001). Ideal homes? Housing effects on rodent brain and behaviour. Trends in Neurosciences, 24 (4), 207–211.Link


Würbel, H. (2002). Behavioral phenotyping enhanced - beyond (environmental) standardization. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 1 (1), 3-8.Link


Würbel, H. & Garner, J. P. (2007). Refinement of rodent research through environmental enrichment and systematic randomization. NC3Rs,  9, 1-9.Link